Origins of the Project

Ethics 2.0 is a web - based repository of the text of several versions of Spinoza's magnum opus, but more importantly, this site provides a representation of the structure of the geometrical demonstrations of Spinoza's Ethics.


This project owes a debt to a number of online resources that have come before it.In particular, Ron Bombardi's excellent hypertext version of the Elwes translation of the Ethics, the EthicaDB, the Ethica Help-Web, and various versions of the Latin, Dutch, and Elwes texts. Some of these may be more useful for specific purposes than others. My aim is to augment these resources by presenting Spinoza's thought according to my own order of thinking.

There are a number of difficulties with any formalization of Spinoza's use of the Geometrical Method that make it initially resistant to searchability or data-entry. Spinoza's idiosyncratic style often involves shorthand demonstrations of the form "This is demonstrated the same way as the previous proposition." In such cases, I have made these demonstrations explicit in the database.I have also made editorial calls to "fix" a number of disputed cases according to the footnotes of Edwin Curley's translation. These cases are noted by an asterisk in the charts. Hopefully taking such liberties makes this site a useful addition to the online Spinoza universe.

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